Since the beginning of the year, cocoa prices have experienced a significant upswing, breaking through the notable threshold of $10,000 per ton. The principal catalyst behind this ascent has been less than favorable climatic conditions in crucial cocoa-producing territories, notably in West Africa.

Should these meteorological challenges persist, we anticipate a further escalation in cocoa prices. Coffee prices are also on an upward trajectory, fueled by robust demand that has been consistent since last fall.

Weather plays a pivotal role in this scenario as well, particularly affecting leading coffee-producing nations such as Brazil and Vietnam, which are keystones in the global coffee supply chain.

In an attempt to navigate the escalating cocoa prices, Côte d’Ivoire, the globe’s premier cocoa producer, is poised to endorse a substantial 50% hike in cocoa prices to 1,500 CFA francs per kilogram (around $2.47).

Compounded by adverse weather in the Gulf of Guinea’s West African nations, including Ghana and Cameroon, the industry grapples with the third successive year of pronounced shortages.

Factors such as excessive rainfall leading to crop decay and elongated bouts of elevated temperatures causing droughts have severely impacted yields. Furthermore, strong winds laden with dust have obstructed sunlight access, essential for crop maturation.

With cocoa prices reaching unprecedented levels, pinpointing a potential ceiling becomes increasingly challenging.

Global Response and Technical Outlook:

To mitigate these sharp price escalations, increasing supply from alternative sources like Brazil or Ecuador could provide some relief. Nevertheless, enhancing production capacity is a long-term endeavor, with tangible impacts expected over several years.

Given the geographical concentration of cocoa and coffee production, the risk of continued shortages looms large, potentially leading to increased prices for everyday confectionery and coffee products.

On the coffee front, extreme weather conditions in Brazil and Vietnam are exerting upward pressure on prices. Notably, May contracts for Robusta coffee have soared by nearly 30%, attributed to adverse climatic impacts on production. Coffee prices, after moving laterally since the year’s start, are nudging the $200 benchmark, indicating a potential breakout.

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